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APA (7th edition) Citation Guide

Journal Articles


Refer to the Multiple Authors guidelines, if needed.

Online Article with DOI


Author, A. A., Author B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages–pages.

Example 1:

Reed, M. J., Kennett, D. J., Lewis, T., Lund-Lucas, E., Stallberg, C., & Newbold, I. L. (2009). The relative effects of university success courses and individualized interventions for students with learning disabilities. Higher Education Research & Development28(4), 385–400.

(Reed et al., 2009)

Example 2: Article with an Article Number

Omit the page numbers and use the article number in its place.

Derry, K. (2018). Myth and monstrosity: Teaching indigenous films. Journal of Religion & Film, 22(3), Article 7.

(Derry, 2018)

Online Article Without DOI/Print Article


Author, A. A., Author B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Title of Journal, Volume(Issue), pages–pages.


Husain, A. N., Colby, T. V., Ordóñez, N. G., Krausz, T., Borczuk, A., Cagle, P. T, Chirieac, L. R., Churg, A., Galeateau-Salle, F., Gibbs, A. R., Gown, A. M., Hammar, S. P., Lizky, A. A., Roggli, V. L., Travis, W. D., & Wick, M. R. (2009). Guidelines for pathologic diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma. Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine, 133(8), 1317–1331.

(Husain et al., 2009)

Other NEW Important Information in APA, 7th edition:

  1. ​All journal articles will include the issue number. Regardless, of whether or not the journal is continuously paginated.
  2. All articles coming from an academic database should be treated as a print journal. If the article has a DOI, include the DOI at the end of the reference. If the article does not have a DOI, then omit from the reference.
  3. If periodical information (e.g., volume number, issue number, page range) is missing, omit this information from the reference.  

More Information:

For more information about articles and periodicals, see Sections 9.25 and 9.26 on page 294 as well as Section 10.1 and the examples on pages 316-321 of the APA Manual, 7th edition.


Note: Do not include the name of a database, except for very rare occasions where the content is exclusive to the database. See Other Database Content for more guidance.

Sources: Publication Manual, 10.1 (examples 1-6)

Newspaper Articles



Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Newspaper Title, pages–pages.


Clark, A. (2009, August 9). Apartment glut good for students, bad for owners. The Gainesville Sun, pp. 1A, 9A.

(Clark, 2009)



Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper. http://xxxxx


Associated Press. (2019, October 7). Unions sue USDA seeking to halt new pork processing rule. The New York Times.

(Associated Press, 2019)

Johnson, K. (2017, January 16). Rwanda takes vital baby steps for preschool education. East African.

(Johnson, 2017)

Source: Publication Manual, 10.1 (example 16)

Reviews (Book, Film, or Video)

Book Review


Reviewer, A. A. (Year). Title of review [Review of the book Title of book, by B. B. Author]. Source information.


King, N. (2009). The psychology of personal constructs [Review of the book George Kelly: The psychology of personal constructs, by T. Butt]. History & Philosophy of Psychology, 11(1), 44–47.

(King, 2009)

Film or Video Review


Reviewer, A. A. (Year). Title of review [Review of the film Film, by A. A. Director, Dir.]. Source information.


Schickel, R. (2006). The power of Babel [Review of the film Babel, by A. G. Iñárritu, Dir.]. Time, 168(18), 70.

(Schickel, 2006)

Source: Publication Manual, 10.7 (examples 67-68)

Online article reference

The essential online article reference entry for APA requires these elements: author name(s), year of publication, title of the article, title of the journal in which it appears, the volume number, the issue number, the page range, and the doi (if available) or https URL link from where you retrieved the article.

Online Newspaper Reference

The essential online newspaper article reference entry for APA requires these elements: author name(s), date of publication (if there is no date: n.d.), title of the article, title of the website, and the https URL link from where you retrieved the newspaper article. 

The format follows this pattern:​

Preprint Article

Preprint Article References

To cite such a preprint in a list of references under the requirements of APA, include in the reference the following elements: data of the author(s), year when the document was completed, title of the online repository, and the material's DOI or URL.

Hampton, S., Rabagliati, H., Sorace, A., & Fletcher-Watson, S. (2017). Autism and bilingualism: A qualitative interview study of parents’ perspectives and experiences. PsyArXiv.

Hetland, B., McAndrew, N., Perazzo, J., & Hickman, R. (2018). A qualitative study of factors that influence active family involvement with patient care in the ICU: Survey of critical care nurses. PubMed Central.


  • Parenthetical citations: (Hampton et al., 2017; Hetland et al., 2018)
  • Narrative citations: Hampton et al. (2017) and Hetland et al. (2018)
  • Ideally, use and cite the final, published version of a work. However, if you used the preprint version of a work, cite that version, as shown in the examples.
  • Preprint versions of articles may or may not be peer reviewed or may be the author’s final, peer-reviewed manuscript as accepted for publication.
  • Two common repositories for preprint articles are PsyArXiv and PubMed Central. Follow the same format for other preprint archives.


Conference Proceedings

APA examples: Conference Proceedings and Papers


Material Type

In-Text Citation

Reference List & Notes

Paper in conference proceedings in print

(Game, 2001)

Game, A. (2001). Creative ways of being. In J. R. Morss, N. Stephenson & J.
F. H. V. Rappard (Eds.), Theoretical issues in psychology: Proceedings of the International Society for Theoretical Psychology 1999 Conference (pp. 3-12). Sydney: Springer.

Paper in conference proceedings online: Electronic database

(Balakrishnan, 2006)

Balakrishnan, R. (2006, March). Why aren't we using 3D user interfaces, and will we ever? Paper presented at the IEEE Symposium on 3D User Interfaces.

Published in IEEE Explore but has doi. Conference is published regularly.

Conference papers: Unpublished

(Santhanam, Martin, Goody & Hicks, 2001)

Santhanam, E., Martin, K., Goody, A., & Hicks, O. (2001, February). Bottom-up steps towards closing the loop in feedback on teaching: A CUTSD project. Paper presented at Teaching and Learning Forum - Expanding horizons in teaching and learning, Perth, Australia.