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APA 7th referencing style Examples

This is a guide to using the APA 7th referencing style from the American Psychological Association. It is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association.

Referencing interviews

  • If it is a published interview, use the reference type in which you found the interview eg. online video, newspaper article
  • For an interview you conduct, use the personal communication reference type format.

Interview recorded and available in an archive

Elements of the reference

Name of interviewee - last name, initial(s). (Year, Month Day). Title/ or description of interview - italicised [Interview]. Name of archive or place stored; Owner. Web address

In-text reference

(Sabbatini, 1993)

Sabbatini (1993) stated that ....

Reference list

Sabbatini, G. (1993, September 10). Musical performance of Giuseppe Sabbatini [Interview]. Studs Terkel Radio Archive; The Chicago History Museum. https://studsterkel.wfmt.com/programs/musical-performance-giuseppe-sabbatini?t=NaN%2CNaN&a=%2C

EndNote reference type Online multimedia

Interview with participant(s), as part of your own research

Elements of the reference

Not included in reference list

In-text reference

Do not cite individually, because this could compromise confidentiality.

Quote anonymously, for example, “Participant A said”.

Reference list Do not include in the reference list.
EndNote reference type Not included in reference list.